The United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) theme of this year's October 16 World Food Day (Our actions, our future. Up to 2030 all over the world to achieve the goal of # zeroAçlik y as determined. Touching on FAO's data on hunger, Deniz Ataç, Chairman of the Board of Directors of TEMA said, d When we look at the data, we see that the number of hungry people in the world has increased gradually in 2014-2017. In 2017, approximately 821 million people were living in hunger. In other words, one out of nine people is starving and 60 percent of these people are women. Since the right to life is the right to life, it is the common responsibility of all humanity to prevent hunger and make every individual physically and economically accessible to adequate and healthy food. Gıda
Global cost of food waste is $ 2.6 trillion
The increasing need for food along with increasing population also increased the TEMA Foundation Chairman Deniz Ataç, 95 percent of our food supply we have stated that the existence of the land endangered. Deniz Ataç stated that between 1998 and 2013, 20% of the agricultural lands in the world and 25% of pasture areas have been deteriorated. Ç Erosion, salinization, pollution, improper agricultural practices, allocation of fertile agricultural lands and pasture areas to non-agricultural purposes leading causes. In addition, high temperatures associated with climate change, droughts, storms, floods, such as the increase in air conditions also adversely affect agricultural production. One third of the food produced is wasted, going to the trash. The global cost of food waste is around $ 2.6 trillion a year when environmental and social costs are taken into account. Today, it is known that the wars and migrations of the world today include access to food and thus the problem of hunger. For this reason, the way to achieve peace in the world is to make the abundance offered by the land sustainable.
Rapid loss of farmland and pastures
While the world is trying to prevent starvation on the one hand, agricultural lands and pastures are decreasing with non-objective allocations. Turkey Statistics Institute (TUIK) According to the data of agricultural land occupies a total area of 27.6 million hectares in 1992, while Turkey, in 2017, fell to 23.4 million hectares. In 25 years, approximately 4 million hectares, namely the size of the province of Konya, lost agricultural land. This means a 15% reduction in agricultural land. In the early 1920s, the proportion of pastures, which accounted for 56% of our lands, fell to 19% today, and in 70% of our current pastures, vegetation became weak and inefficient. On the other hand, in Turkey until 2023 it is estimated to be 6 million population increase. Even when only grain production is considered, our agricultural production will need to increase in order to meet the needs of the growing population. Considering the need for more than 400 thousand hectares of agricultural land (about 535 thousand football pitches) for only 1 million tons of grain without increasing productivity, it is seen how critical losses are in our agricultural areas.
When the needs are taken into consideration, it is necessary to prevent the non-objective use of agricultural lands. In this context, Soil Protection and Land Use Plans as required by Law No. 5403 on Soil Conservation and Land Use should be prepared. As the agricultural potential is high, the allocation of the areas to be declared in the large plain should be prevented for non-agricultural purposes. Sustainable management of land, soil protection and erosion measures should be urgently supported. The use of pastures such as agricultural areas should be discontinued. Top Sustainable pasture management esi should be implemented in a way to serve for livestock development, biodiversity and soil protection. In addition, with the measures to be taken for the sustainability of agricultural production, the producer's earnings should be improved and rural development policies should be adopted. Efforts should be made to prevent waste of food in the entire chain from farm to consumption.